Introduction Basics of Climate Change Dangers of Linear Thinking Human • Policy • Economy Outlook Appendix • Publisher's Corner
Basics of Warming
Climate Factors
Climate Effects
for Civilisation
for Ecosystem
for Other Topics

Shifting / Absence of the Seasons

Due to the shifting or absence of seasons, the ecological relationships between animals and / or plants become confused[25].

Displacement / Total Loss of Habitats

In higher situated areas as well as in colder ocean regions, habitats are increasingly displaced in the direction of the geographic poles. Species dependent upon extreme cold would suffer a total loss of their habitats[26]. Species with a preference for warmth would then migrate into the unused habitats.

Stress Due to Climate Change and Adaptability Pressures

The consequences of global warming and general environmental destruction lead to considerable stress and adaptability pressures for the species affected by it. The previous average extinction rate thus is multiplied by a factor of 1,000[27].


In the oceans, the calcium carbonate - carbonic acid - equilibrium shifts in areas which include the calcium carbonate solution[28]. These processes are caused by the addition of carbon dioxide as well as by an increase in surface water temperature. For species such as mussels and corals, the higher amount of calcium carbonate becomes increasingly difficult. Among other things, the coral reefs disappear.

Species indigenous to the North Sea, such as lobsters and cod, become more infrequent. Animal species introduced by ships from warmer areas reproduce and multiply. The interrelations of animal and plant species have already been distinctly changed[29].

In the Alps, the number of days per year with ground frost is significantly decreasing. The number of invasive species increases in a nonlinear manner[30].

The number of Emperor Penguins in the Antarctic has decreased by 70 %[31] since the 1960s. A similar prominent decrease has been established in the case of krill.

Associated Slide
Illustrating Slides
Slide 1
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